What is the Difference Between Type1 and Type-2 Diabetes?

You might be aware that there are two types of diabetes, but what is the difference between type1 and type-2 diabetes?

To make it simple, people with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin while those who have type 2 diabetes could still produce insulin, but the hormone cannot perform its role. Think of it as type 1 being the absence of a key to your house while type 2 as having a key, but it is broken.

Symptoms of diabetes

Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you will most likely go to the bathroom frequently to urinate. Since your body is unable to regulate the sugar level on the bloodstream, it is flashed out through urine.

As a result, you always feel thirsty and hungry. You also suffer from a dry mouth.

When you have cuts or sores, they do not quickly heal. Your blood is filled with a high amount of sugar which affects the ability of the platelets to perform blood clots.

Causes of diabetes

Although both types of diabetes have similar names, they exist for various reasons. Type 1 diabetes usually treats the healthy cells as foreign invaders.

The immune system kills these cells, including the ones producing insulin. It is still unclear though why the immune system reacts that way, and researches are ongoing to shed light on this issue.

Type 2 diabetes still allows the production of insulin, but it is not used effectively. Environmental factors may cause this type of diabetes, and it happens because the pancreas compensates for the body’s inability to process insulin.

Risk factors

For type 1 diabetes, the family’s history is usually the culprit. When one or more family members have the disease, the chances that it will affect the rest increase.

Anyone can have type 1 diabetes, but the chances are higher among children and adolescents. For type 2 diabetes, the chances increase if you have one immediate family member with type 2 diabetes.

When you are over 45 and you are physically inactive, it could also increase your chance of having diabetes. Obesity and increased belly fat are also other factors.


Although there are medicines to help regulate insulin in your body, it is also crucial that you focus on changing your lifestyle. You need to start by being physically active and doing more outdoor activities.

You also need to maintain a healthy weight by watching what you eat. Stop eating foods that have high unsaturated fat.

Eat a balanced diet and prefer healthy options like fruits and vegetables. Reduce your intake of sugary foods.

You can take the glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test if you want to know if you have type 1 or 2 diabetes. The test determines the average sugar level on the blood. If the results show that you have 6.5 or higher, it indicates that you have diabetes.

There is no known cure for type 1 diabetes. Since your body does not produce insulin, you need regular injection. Insulin pumps are also an option. They supply a steady amount of insulin in your body using a small tube.

Type 2 diabetes might be controlled with regular exercise and healthy diet. However, if lifestyle changes cannot limit the impact of the problem, you can ask for extra support from your physician.

In both types of diabetes, it is crucial for you to monitor your blood sugar level regularly. Bring your insulin injection with you wherever you go since you do not know when you could suffer from extremely low levels of insulin.

How to Avoid Type 2 Diabetes: Vital Tips You Need to Know…

When someone in your family has type 2 diabetes, there is a chance that you will also have it. However, it is not a guarantee. You can still find a way to reduce the risks. If you already know that someone in your family has been diagnosed of the disease, it is enough of an alarm for you to start taking actions.

Do not wait until you already received the diagnosis before you do anything about the problem. You also need to be aware of the signs that you have diabetes so that you can take the right steps to reduce the chances of having the disease. These are some tips on how to avoid type 2 diabetes that may be useful to you.

Manage your weight

You need to regularly check your weight. Make sure that you do not fall into the obese category as it increases your chances of having diabetes.

Start eating healthy foods and avoid the ones containing saturated fat. Low-calorie drinks and vegetables are among the best foods to maintain a healthy weight.

Regular exercise is also part of managing weight. You need to increase your physical activities to avoid gaining weight.

Let go of your vices

If you smoke or drink, you need to stop doing both now. Alcohol leads to an increase in blood pressure and the level of triglyceride in the body.

It is enough to have one standard drink for the day. If you can totally let go of drinking, it would even be better.

When you are a smoker, your chances of having diabetes is twice as high as those who do not smoke. Besides, you will also suffer from other serious health risks like heart attack and respiratory problems if you continue smoking.

Control your blood pressure

When you have frequent high blood pressure, it indicates that you might have diabetes. It helps if you monitor your blood pressure and take a break from any activity with increased blood pressure.

Avoiding fatty foods and processed meat are also useful in maintaining blood pressure. Drink plenty of water and stick to plain water instead of drinking soda or coffee.

See your doctor

You need to have regular checkups with your doctor to find out if your body is healthy. You also need to regularly test your blood glucose and cholesterol levels, and once you are on the upper end of the chart, you need to seriously control what you eat.

You might also need medicines to control your blood pressure and reduce the sugar content in your blood. Apart from physical problems, you might also have psychological burdens like stress and anxiety.

Ask your doctor on how you will deal with these issues or try behavioral therapy if necessary. Let go of stress and try to enjoy every moment of your life.

Type 2 diabetes is a life-long illness. Once diagnosed, there is no turning back. You can only take meds to reduce the impact of diabetes and prevent complications. You also need regular insulin injections since your body is unable to process insulin perfectly. The disease might start to be debilitating in the future if you start to experience the complications.

You do not have to reach this point if you can change your lifestyle now and live healthily. Do not worry if someone in your family has been diagnosed with this disease. You can still avoid it if you know the right thing to do. Be positive about your future and be faithful in following what your doctor tells you to do.

How Does Diet Affect Diabetes? Essential Facts on the Impact of Food if You Have Diabetes

Once you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is something that you will have with you for the rest of your life. Although there is no medically known cure for diabetes, there are ways that you can control its impact.

Keeping your blood sugar levels within the recommended range is quite challenging. Your lifestyle is the primary factor that affects how much sugar there is in your blood. You need to start by being physically active. Try doing activities that will help you reduce weight, including running and swimming.

You also need to watch what you eat. You need to know how does diet affect diabetes and what changes you need to do to ensure that it does not adversely affect your health.

Portion sizes are crucial

You need to control what you eat. Being aware of the carb count in every meal is key in having a healthy diet.

Carbohydrates have the most significant impact on the sugar levels in your blood. If you are already injecting insulin, you need to know how much carb intake you have to determine the correct insulin dose.

Simplify this process by writing down what you usually eat so that it is easy for you to measure. The key is to avoid overeating especially if you know that your food contains too much carbs.

Have a well-balanced meal

You need to plan a meal that contains a perfect mix of starches, proteins, healthy fats, and other nutrients. Avoid carbohydrates coming from starchy food, and get them from whole grains and fruits instead.

A balanced meal helps in reducing the sugar level in your blood. You can speak with a dietitian to determine what food to include in your diet.

You also need to stick with the plan. Do not be tempted to eat foods that are not in your plan.

Meals and medications

You need to coordinate your food intake and the medicines you take to control the effects of diabetes. Make sure that there is enough food in the proportion or else in could lead to low blood sugar which is quite dangerous.

You also need to identify the correct schedule for eating and taking medicines. Your doctor could recommend the perfect timing.

Let go of sugary food

Perhaps, it is time for you to say goodbye to sugary foods like desserts and sweetened beverages. Even fruit juices that you deem as healthy are not necessarily right for you.

Fruit juices that you purchase in local stores may contain corn syrup or sucrose. You might get the nutrients from the fruits, but it comes with unnecessary sugar.

The only exception to this rule is when you are suffering from low blood sugar. To help quickly raise the level of sugar in your blood, you need to drink soda and other sweetened beverages.

Your food intake has a significant effect in controlling diabetes. Apart from the food you eat, you also need to look at what physical exercises you do. People with diabetes and are also inactive have increased changes of feeling the adverse effect of the disease.

Talk to your doctor about following an exercise plan that works for you. Strenuous exercises have effects that last long. However, if you have other diseases apart from diabetes, it might not necessarily be a good idea for you to do these exercises.

Create an exercises schedule that you can follow and coordinate it with your meal schedule. Before planning the exercise, you need to know your current blood sugar levels. Always stay hydrated especially when you are doing physical activities outdoors. You can control diabetes and its effects with these useful tips, so avoid worrying much.